The temporomandibular joint disorder refers to a condition that affects temporomandibular joint, nerves and jaw muscles on one or both sides of the head, causing pain in the head, face, neck and jaw. The discomfort and pain caused by TMD disorders may be constant or intermittent and can get severe sometimes.
TMJ Disorders can be caused by trauma to the jaw or jaw joint due to an injury in the head, neck or face. It could also be caused to create problems with a person’s bite, wear and tear of the teeth due to aging, bruxism, etc. which lead to interference in bite and improper closure of the jaw.
Some of the common symptoms of TMJ disorder include:
- A clicking or popping sound in the jaw while opening and closing the mouth
- Difficulty opening and closing the mouth and/or chewing
- Soreness or pain in the jaw that is more prevalent in the morning or late afternoon
- Sensitivity in the teeth
- Swelling on the side of the face
- An earache in the absence of an infection
- Experiencing frequent tension headaches or frequently waking up with headaches
- Stiffness and pain in the jaw when yawning, eating, or talking
At Edison Park Smiles, we conduct a careful examination of your bite and joints before suggesting an appropriate course of therapy for you. Only a few severe cases of TMD need surgery. Others can be corrected with the use of restorations, mouth guards, orthodontic treatment, oral appliance therapy, etc.
The following remedies could relieve the pain caused due to TMJ:
- Application of hot and cold packs to the side of the face and temple for 10-minute intervals
- Limitation of jaw movement such as wide yawning and singing. Avoid applying pressure with the hand against your jaw, especially while sleeping.
- Stick to a diet consisting of soft foods and avoid eating foods that require you to open your mouth wide.
- Do not delay dental treatment for teeth that are affected by decay or damage and need restoration as this could affect your bite and worsen your TMD case.
- In some cases, massage, physical therapy, and biofeedback may provide temporary relief from TMD.
If you are experiencing any signs of TMJ Disorder, please call us at (773) 482-3206.